Brizzolara Urology and Associates

Kidney Stones

Learn about the types, symptoms and treatments of kidney stones.


Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are one of the most common problems of the urinary system. More than one million Americans will suffer from a kidney stone this year and the number of people getting kidney stones is on the rise. In 1980 one in 100 Americans experienced a kidney stone episode. In 2017, data shows 1 in 10 Americans will have a kidney stone episode in his or her lifetime.

Ethnicity plays a role in that white Americans are more likely to have a kidney stone than African Americans or other races. Gender effects kidney stone occurrences in that males suffer from stones more than females. Still, the number of women getting stones is increasing. Individuals living in the south central and south eastern part of the United States are more likely to suffer from stones. This is due to the hot humid climate that can lead to a tendency of dehydration and low urine volume and concentrated urine.

Low urine volume results in concentrated urine making an individual more prone to stones. It is recommended that we consume three liters of fluid a day mainly water to address the concentrated Urine.

There are six situations that place an individual at increased risk of form kidney stones.

  1. Diet plays a role. Diets high in meat make us more prone to Calcium Oxalate Stones (the most common stone). It is not Calcium that is the culprit, but the Oxalate which is a break down product of the meat. It is recommended that stone formers reduce their salt intake though because salt results in increased levels of Calcium in the urine which then can increase stone development.

  2. Bowel conditions such as chronic diarrhea, Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, and Gastric Bypass Surgery can predispose people to stone formation.

  3. Obesity changes the avid level in the urine leading to stone formation.

  4. Certain medications and dietary supplements such as Vitamin C.

  5. Family history is important in that an individual with a parent or a sibling who has had kidney stones is a greater risks of forming stones.

If you are experiencing kidney stones, the above information may help you in taking measures to prevent further stone episodes. The facts are that if a person has one stone episode he or she is at a 50% greater risk of forming another stone in the next three years if there is no change in that individuals diet or life style. If on the other hand they increase their fluid intake to three liters a day, they will decrease their chances of forming another stone by 75%. Overweight individuals can decrease their stone occurrence rate by 75% with exercise, dietary changes and weight loss.


Have questions about kidney stones? Request an appointment with Dr. John Brizzolara.

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